A SUPERB ARCHAISTIC SPINACH-GREEN JADE PENDANT, QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
A SUPERB ARCHAISTIC SPINACH-GREEN JADE PENDANT
QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
masterfully worked in the form of a pierced oval shield, carved to one side in relief with five clambering mythical animals, including three chilong, a beast, and a phoenix, writhing around the central aperture, the other side with finely incised archaistic cloud motif overlapped by an arched band of keyfret, the finely polished translucent stone of an attractive vibrant emerald-green color with characteristic black speckled inclusions
Height 2¾ in., 7 cm
Overall in good condition with a few scattered minute nicks to the edges. There are three small apertures along the edges to openwork carving.
In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective qualified opinion.
NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING CONDITION OF A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD "AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF SALE PRINTED IN THE CATALOGUE.
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Collection of Stephen Junkunc, III (d. 1978).
The form of this pendant, known as she, derives from bronze archer's rings of the Shang dynasty and Warring States period. By the Han dynasty, it lost its utilitarian function and transformed into an ornamental plaque, characterized by its oval form and pointed top (also referred to as 'chicken-heart shape'), carved with scrolling motifs or mythical creatures. Such pendants were frequently carved in jade, including one excavated in 1968 at Lingshan, Mancheng County in Baoding, Hebei province, from the tomb of Prince Liu Sheng's wife, Dou Wan, now in the Hebei Provincial Center for Cultural Heritage Preservation, Shijiazhuang, published in The Complete Collection of Jades Unearthed in China, vol. 1, Beijing, 2005, pl. 192; and another from the Edward and Louise B. Sonnenschein Collection, now in the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, included in the exhibition Chinese Jades from Han to Ch'ing, Asia Society, New York, 1980, cat. no. 156.
The establishment of the Qing dynasty in China facilitated the rise of archaism as the founding emperors looked to ancient Han-Chinese culture to establish their legitimacy to the throne. In this cultural renaissance, jade versions of these Han she pendants were created; see a similar spinach green jade she, elaborately carved with chilong, birds and phoenix among scrolling clouds, attributed to the mid-Qing dynasty, excavated in Beijing, now in the Capital Museum, Beijing, illustrated in Yang Boda, ed., Zhongguo yuqi quanji [Complete collection of Chinese jades], vol. 2, Shijiazhuang, 2005, no. 159, together with a white jade example, carved with a cloud motif, in the Palace Museum, Beijing, no. 167. Compare also a white jade pendant of this type, carved with chilong and phoenix, attributed to the Qianlong period, sold in our Paris rooms, 18th December 2012, lot 101.
此珮呈韘形，韘為古代騎射工具，開弓扣弦時護指之用，初為青銅質，最早見於商周戰國時期。至漢代，韘逐漸從實用器物轉變為裝飾佩戴，中孔變形，周圍多雕飾，因其上尖下橢圓，故又稱雞心珮，多為玉製，可見一例，1968年出土於河北保定滿城縣陵山劉勝王后竇綰墓，現存於河北省文物保護中心，石家莊，錄於《中國出土玉器全集》，卷1，北京，2005年，圖版192；另見一例，Edward 及 Louise B. Sonnenschein 舊藏，現存芝加哥藝術博物館，芝加哥，展《Chinese Jades from Han to Ch'ing》，亞洲協會，紐約，1980年，編號156。